Why Is It Called A Jointer? – Remodel Or Move

27 October 2023by easefix@gmail.com

Woodworking is an age-old heritage passed along from one generation to another. It blends creativity, precision, and expert craftsmanship to transform unprocessed wood into splendid and functional creations. At the heart of the woodworking domain, you’ll find the instruments and approaches utilized by adept artisans and craftsmen to shape, join, and enhance wood. Within this all-encompassing manual, we will explore the realm of woodworking tools and methods, uncovering their historical origins, practical applications, and the artistic expression they enable.

Chapter 1: The Essential Woodworking Tools

1.1 The Saw 

A hand saw offers precision and control when cutting wood, while power saws allow for efficient, accurate, and repetitive cuts. The choice between hand and power saws depends on the project’s scale and the craftsman’s preference.

1.2 The Plane 

Planes are indispensable for smoothing rough wood surfaces. They come in various shapes and sizes, with the bench plane being the most versatile. A sharp plane blade can transform a rough piece of wood into a smooth and even surface, an essential step in many woodworking projects.

1.3 The Router 

Routers are versatile tools used for hollowing out an area or creating decorative edges on wood. They come in both hand-held and table-mounted versions, and their interchangeable bits allow woodworkers to achieve intricate designs and patterns

1.4 The Chisel 

With the right technique, chisels can create intricate joinery and delicate details in woodworking projects

1.5 The Drill 

Drills, both hand-powered and electric, are essential for boring holes and driving screws. Cordless drills provide flexibility and convenience, while drill presses offer precision for repetitive drilling tasks.

 1.6 The Mallet and Hammer 

Mallets and hammers are used for various woodworking tasks. Mallets are gentler and are used with chisels to avoid damaging them, while hammers are indispensable for driving nails and assembling joinery. 

Chapter 2: Wood Joinery Techniques 

2.1 Dovetail Joints

They are commonly used in drawer construction and are characterized by interlocking trapezoidal-shaped tails and pins. Achieving a perfect dovetail joint requires precision and practice. 

2.2 Mortise and Tenon Joints 

Mortise and tenon joints are among the oldest and strongest woodworking joints. The tenon is a protruding piece of wood that fits precisely into a mortise, creating a strong connection. This joint is widely used in furniture making and timber framing. 

2.3 Biscuit Joints

Involve inserting small wooden biscuits or oval-shaped pieces of compressed wood into matching slots in two adjoining pieces of wood. This technique is used for aligning and reinforcing joints, such as edge-to-edge connections in tabletops. 

2.4 Dado and Rabbet Joints

Dado’s joints involve cutting a groove across the grain of one board to receive the end of another. Rabbet joints are similar but involve cutting a recess along the edge of one board. Both techniques are used for joining boards at right angles and are common in cabinet and bookcase construction. 

2.5 Dowel Joints 

Use wooden or metal dowels to align and strengthen connections between two pieces of wood. They are commonly used in assembling furniture and cabinets, providing stability and durability. 

Chapter 3: Specialty Woodworking

Tools 3.1 The Lathe 

It is a specialized tool used for turning wood, allowing artisans to create intricate and symmetrical cylindrical shapes. It’s commonly used in the production of bowls, spindles, and decorative pieces. 

3.2 The Bandsaw

It is a versatile tool that uses a continuously looped blade to cut curves, shapes, and intricate patterns in wood. It’s an excellent choice for intricate woodworking projects and resewing thick boards into thinner pieces. 

3.3 The Pointer, 

Also known as a surfacing pointer, is used to flatten and straighten the faces and edges of boards. It’s an essential tool for preparing wood for joinery and ensuring a perfect fit in projects. 

3.4 The Planer

It is used to achieve consistent thickness throughout a piece of wood. It’s invaluable for creating uniform boards and removing imperfections from rough-sawn lumber. 

3.5 The Router 

Table A router table is a stationary tool that offers precision and stability for routing tasks. It’s equipped with a flat surface, fence, and various guides, making it ideal for creating decorative edges, dadoes, and mortises. 

Chapter 4: Wood Finishing Techniques 

4.1 Sanding

Is a crucial step in achieving a smooth and polished wood surface. It involves using progressively finer grits of sandpaper to remove imperfections and prepare the wood for finishing. 

4.2 Staining

It enhances the wood’s natural beauty by adding color and depth. It’s essential to choose the right stain for your project, as different wood species absorb stains differently. 

4.3 Varnishing and Sealing 

Varnishes and sealants protect wood from moisture, UV rays, and wear. They come in various finishes, from matte to glossy, allowing woodworkers to achieve the desired appearance and durability. 

4.4 Wood burning (Typography)

Wood burning, or typography is the art of using a heated tool to create intricate designs and patterns on wood surfaces. It adds a unique and personalized touch to woodworking projects. 

4.5 Applying Wood Oil

Wood oils like tung oil or linseed oil seep into the fibers of the wood, accentuating its inherent beauty while offering protective qualities. These oils yield a velvety, non-glossy surface and are favored selections for coating wooden utensils and cutting boards.


Woodworking is an amalgamation of expertise, artistry, and dedication. Achieving mastery in woodworking tools and techniques is an ongoing adventure that empowers artisans to craft both practical items and masterpieces from unassuming wood. Whether you’re just starting or have considerable experience, understanding and honing these tools and techniques serve as the essential elements to unlock your imaginative capacity within the timeless domain of woodworking. Embrace the rich heritage and boundless opportunities that this age-old craft offers.

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FAQ 1: Why is it called a jointer in woodworking?

A jointer in woodworking is a specialized tool crafted for flattening and smoothing the edges of boards, ensuring precise joints and seamless connections in woodworking projects. The term “jointer” comes from the process of “jointing” wood, where skilled craftsmen create perfectly flat and even surfaces essential for creating high-quality woodwork.

FAQ 2: How does a joiner differ from a carpenter in woodworking?

Joiners and carpenters, both skilled craftsmen, have distinct specializations in woodworking. A joiner focuses on creating intricate wooden joints like dovetails and mortise-and-tenon connections, which are vital for constructing furniture and cabinets with precision. On the other hand, carpenters specialize in building and installing structures, encompassing tasks such as framing, roofing, and finishing work like trim and molding. Joiners excel in fine woodworking and joinery, while carpenters handle a broader spectrum of construction tasks.

FAQ 3: Is it called a joiner or jointer in woodworking?

The tool extensively used in woodworking to craft level surfaces and connect board edges is commonly referred to as a “jointer.” Although the terms “jointer” and “joiner” are occasionally used interchangeably, within the woodworking community, “jointer” is the more widely recognized term. This versatile machine is essential for achieving smooth edges and ensuring secure bonds between wood pieces, making it a pivotal tool in woodworking projects.

FAQ 4: What is the origin of the word “joinery”?

The term “joinery” finds its roots in Middle English, specifically from the word “honor,” which denoted a skilled woodworker adept at crafting joints, particularly in furniture and wooden structures. Over time, this term evolved into “joinery,” representing the intricate art and skill of creating precise and seamless wooden joints in woodworking projects.